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Post Divorce Modifications

Post Divorce Modifications

After a divorce is finalized, it does not mean that the agreement is set in stone. As time goes by circumstances are more than likely to change for one or both spouses. When a significant change in circumstances occurs in either spouse’s life, then it may warrant a post divorce modification.

Modifications are used to change the terms of a child custody and visitation agreement, they can make changes in child support payments and they can modify spousal support or alimony payments. When it comes to child support and alimony, typically the person who is paying will seek a downward modification, whereas the person on the receiving end of child support or alimony will seek an upward modification.

In order for the courts to grant a modification, the petitioning party must prove a significant change in circumstances in order for the modification to be granted. Thus, the burden of proof is on the person who is seeking a modification.

What types of situations would warrant a modification? One aspect of modifications involves the area of spousal support. If a husband was paying alimony to his ex-wife and he lost his job, he could petition the courts for a modification so his payments can be reduced or eliminated entirely. On the other hand, if a man was paying alimony to his ex-wife and she obtained a well paying job, he might petition the courts for a modification as well.

Modifications are commonly used for child support payments. If a father was paying child support and his pay was cut, he could seek a downward modification. Conversely, if the father received a substantial raise, then his ex-wife could seek an upward modification that would reflect his pay increase.

Another reason for modifications has to do with child custody and visitation agreements. Perhaps when a son reached his teen years he realized that he would prefer to live with his father because he had a better relationship with him than his mother. In this case, the father can request that a modification be made to the child custody agreement. If parents want to change custody, or if they want to increase or reduce visitation for any reason, then they would have to petition the courts for a modification.

If the custodial parent wants to move out of the area or out of state with their child then they are going to need to request permission from the court. The courts will look at a number of factors, such as the child’s relationship with the non-moving parent, and if the move is in the best interests of the child.

Divorce agreements are considered permanent until a modification is made. The courts understand that circumstances change over time, thus warranting a modification. However, it will be up to the petitioning party to provide substantial evidence as to why the modification is in order.…

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How Does A Forensic Toxicologist Help A Solve Murder Case

How Does A Forensic Toxicologist Help A Solve Murder Case

Forensic toxicology is typically used to measurement drugs, alcohol and various poisonous chemicals in humans and other biological species. The analysis and interpretation of such measurements can be the turning point in a criminal investigation. Since the early 1900s, toxicology has played an increasingly more important role in criminal cases because of the rise in crime levels. Forensic toxicology has several areas of specialties yet the one that is sought after the most is postmortem toxicology.

Many toxicology tests utilize urine or blood samples to find traces of drugs. In certain cases, other bodily fluids may be examined such as stomach chemicals, saliva or sweat. Often, toxicologists find drugs in the urine more easily than the blood.

The trustworthiness of the results depends a lot on how the laboratory examines the material. For example, 2 men that were given the death penalty in India for killing an individual by rubbing in plague germs into a minuscule cut on their victim. The laboratory was able to find a tiny wound primarily by using an advanced medical device that could magnify almost any type of skin injury.

Unlike killing a person by using a gun or knife, poisoning can use everyday objects to transfer the deadly agents. Sleeping powders can be stirred into a drink. Chewing gum be coated within an invisible chemical and drugs or poisons can be added to food. Alcohol can also be poured into a strong flavored fruit drink that is difficult to detect by taste. Most everyday objects can be used for delivering a poison.

One of the first duties of a forensic toxicologist is to find out if the cause of death was from a poison. Second, if this is true then they need to search for the particular poison that was employed and find out how it was given.

The answers to these questions are typically determined through analytical chemistry. The toxicologists may examine the murder victim’s flesh, brain tissue or viscera to several chemical tests while looking for different kinds of poisons or drugs. When the harmful element is discovered and identified the specific poison may be isolated. Once the exact poison has been discovered then the food, drink or other suspected items are checked for the same poison.

Thanks to advances in computer medical technology, forensic toxicologists can examine the skin, hair and bodily tissues to pin-point unnatural harmful elements and track them back to the suspect.…

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The Benefits of Your Law Firm Having a Website

The Benefits of Your Law Firm Having a Website

Every law firm has the desire to attract new clients and keep the old ones. Attorneys and law firms use marketing to do this. It can be done using more traditional methods like commercial, bus stop advertisement, billboard, yellow page ad, or radio ad. However, more legal practices are using marketing tactics that fit in with the technology available in the 21st century.

This isn’t to say that the more traditional methods don’t work. You don’t have to have one or the other. You can harness the power of the internet while still running your yellow pages or billboard advertisement. But, it’s important to keep in mind that pretty much any business should have a website.

A website gives a professional image to your company. More and more people are using the internet to find and contact local business for the services they need. Your first impression to a majority of your new customers will be your website. This is why having a professionally designed website for your law firm is so important. Having an amateur website would be like meeting your clients wearing your pajamas – it just doesn’t make you look like you care about what you do.

A website helps new customers find you. If you haven’t heard the term Search Engine Optimization or SEO before – essentially this refers to optimizing your website to have better listings on the Search Engine Results Pages (SERPs) of popular search engines. Since more and more people are finding businesses through online search, optimizing your website or search engine marketing has turned into the the new yellow page ad.

A website gives your law firm a “home base” on the internet. We are hearing the term “social networking” more and more. If you aren’t familiar with it – social networking is using sites like twitter and Facebook to interact with your current and future clients. Almost every social networking site allows you to post a link to your website. This is how you get people to learn more about your firm. They can only learn so much from your social networking page since that isn’t really the place to make a sales pitch. The idea is to get them to click on the link to your website that is listed on your social networking page so that they can learn more about your business (and hopefully become a client). You can even interact with clients on your law firm’s website by integrating a blog into it.

A website gives attorney’s a way to make running their business easier. Extra features that you can incorporate into your website can give customers self service an allow you to save time. Feature like the ability to schedule appointments, look up frequently asked questions, get directions to your office, and submit documents a head of time all make running your firm easier.

A website is a way to extend your business card. You can only put so much information on your law firm’s business card. But, as long as you have included the address to your website on your business card, you can give all the information you want to your prospects. The same idea goes for commercials, yellow page ads, billboards, bus stop ads. Pretty much every other advertising medium puts some sort of limit on how much information about your business you can put out (this is caused by time or space restrictions). However, as long as you have a website you can point people back to you will be able to give them all the information that need about what your business can do for them.

Although you may think that a website is not needed for your law firm right now, have you considered what it could do for your law firm? One of the best things about advertising using a website is that it is easier to grab data about your marketing efforts then more traditional methods, this means you can try using a website to market your law firm, measure how well it worked, and then decide if it’s something you want to keep doing for a relatively low cost. Although managing your legal practices online identity may be a daunting task, I assure you there are plenty of people around that are looking to help and the reward is usually worth the hard work.…

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Preventing Criminal Tax Prosecution By The IRS

Preventing Criminal Tax Prosecution By The IRS

The IRS is currently auditing and prosecuting holders of offshore credit cards, offshore bank accounts, foreign trusts, and international business companies for tax evasion and failure to report transfers. But there are ways to prevent prosecution by the IRS during an offshore tax audit or foreign tax audit.

There are an unlimited number of legitimate defenses that are very effective to combat the government’s egregious penalties and crimes, each dependent upon each taxpayer’s own facts and circumstances. An aggressive stance with the IRS and a complete understanding of the foreign Controlled Foreign Corporation, Passive Foreign Investment Company and Foreign Personal Holding Company rules are necessary to win an audit and substantially reduce any taxes owed. Careful audit planning and a full understanding of the problem areas are necessary to prevail against the IRS during an offshore tax audit.

The Controlled Foreign Corporation, Passive Foreign Investment Company and Foreign Personal Holding Company rules are complex and are written by congress to assist the IRS. A thorough understanding of the loopholes and the intricacies of these tax laws are necessary to prevail, so it is a good idea to hire a criminal tax attorney if you are facing a foreign tax audit or offshore tax audit.

There are numerous ways to prevent an IRS foreign tax audit from turning into a criminal tax investigation. Ample planning and preparation during the audit process can prevent the IRS from even commencing a criminal tax investigation. An appropriate tax strategy early in the process will protect your reputation in the community and your profession license or career.

Setting up an International Business Corporation or Foreign Trust is not illegal. However, failing to disclose certain transactions, or using before tax funds may be tax evasion. If not done absolutely correct, the IRS may decide to prosecute a tax crime. The sentence for tax evasion includes incarceration in a federal penitentiary for up to 5 years, fines up to $500,000 and restitution of the tax loss, plus the 75% civil fraud penalty and interest.

Any incarceration in a federal penitentiary is emotionally devastating, harmful to your career or profession, and significantly affects family life. Careful manipulation of the Federal Sentencing Guidelines and court rules are imperative to competently defend a tax evasion case. This planning is necessary to reduce a sentence to a halfway house or merely probation.

If you take an aggressive stance early enough in an “eggshell audit” careful planning and preparation may prevent detection all together. A thorough understanding of the potential problem areas allow your criminal tax attorney to filter through all available documents and evidence to determine which documents to voluntarily provide to the government. Ways to prevent a common IRS tax audit from turning into a criminal tax investigation include not volunteering incriminating documents, not making admissions to IRS-Criminal Investigation Division, and treating the case as a common civil tax audit with the IRS Revenue Agent with well prepared common sense explanations to every event.

It is imperative that you not discuss your case with the IRS. During the interview they will elicit statements to be used against you and ignore any information that will help your side. They are your adversary. Even though you believe you will be helping yourself, you will actually be making matters worse by giving them additional evidence to use against you. They have the burden of proof, not you.

The advantage of hiring an experienced criminal tax attorney early in the process is to possibly prevent discovery of the act, prevent further harm and advocate your legal rights to the greatest extent possible. Since you are protected by the attorney-client privilege, everything remains strictly confidential. All actions will be undertaken to protect your professional license, your reputation in the community, and prevent the embarrassment of your family, friends and business associates from discovering this problem. Although expensive, the cost of hiring a competent experienced criminal tax attorney pales in comparison to a criminal conviction on your record and repayment of the tax, 75% civil fraud penalty, interest and court fines.…

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Why Need a State Tax Attorney?

Why Need a State Tax Attorney?

Wonder why you would ever need State tax Attorneys? Then you are one of the lucky ones for now. Many Americans are stuck owing back State and federal taxes. This is where Attorneys specializing in State come in. They can help you know your rights and reduce the amount you owe by the thousands no matter what the reason you are behind in your taxes for.

Reasons for State Tax Attorneys

There are many reasons as to why we may fall behind. Whether we are individuals or businesses and now owe back State or federal taxes the trouble starts with the fact that we end up owing and cannot pay it, choose not to pay, or that your business got caught in a 941 payroll. Another reason could be you filed too late and thus end up owing. No matter what the reason this is where State tax Attorneys can help. If it’s the State or IRS you owe, or both the State tax Attorneys can help in both cases by putting an end to the menacing letters and phone calls you are getting. If owe the IRS back taxes then you know they can even start taking from your work wages and even garnish from your bank account. If you just owe the State then know the State can do the same. The State though is far more aggressive and swift than the IRS. The State can act with little to no warning. This is good reason than to look into State tax Attorneys to come to the rescue. They can help stop further actions against you.

How Can They Help?

So how can State tax Attorneys help? Being that the State can be a lot harsher than the IRS the State can use tactics that could have you too scared to move. They can then step in for you and help you understand and learn your rights by putting a stop to the scared tactics that they use. They can also help you set up payment plans with the State or IRS. They can help stop all the interest, and collection charges against you. They can help you reach a compromise, and settlements for far less that what you originally owed.

Choosing the Right One

Where do you find one of these Attorneys? Your best bet is to see if anyone local can help you especially if it is State taxes you owe on. You want someone that is familiar with your State’s regulations. Recommended is to find an online directory and input your state to find State tax Attorneys in your area.…

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A Tax Lawyer on Your Side

A Tax Lawyer on Your Side

No matter what legal trouble finds you, you are fortunate that in the United States there is likely an attorney that specialized in defending that type of case. If you have recently had communication with the Internal Revenue Service about some legal problems with your taxes, a tax lawyer may be the best person to consult. These attorneys help many people to sort through problems with the IRS and to have the best outcome from the case.

Mistakes to Avoid

April 15 is the date that tax returns are due each year. Under the pressure to get taxes filled, many taxpayers make simple mistakes that can be costly. While the IRS may catch and fix small mistakes you should be careful that you not become lax in the process. If you make too many of the mistakes, you may find yourself in hot water. If at all possible start early to avoid the rush. Be honest in your reporting of tax information.

Many major mistakes caught by the IRS serve as a red flag alert that can cause you to be subject to a tax audit. Tax audits are stressful events, to say the very least. If you have made major mistakes or misrepresented your tax situation, you may need the help of a tax lawyer who understands the laws and rules that the IRS may apply in your case. The attorney is a representative who is on your side.

In order to locate a tax lawyer you might begin in the phone book. There are normally several attorneys that would be suitable for your case. It may be best to select an attorney who specializes in tax cases. Many times, these attorneys may have worked for several years for the IRS or they may have other types of experience in such cases, such as a background in accounting.

As mentioned above, the phone book is often a good starting place to find an attorney. Look for advertisements of attorneys that deal in tax matters. Make a list of possible attorneys and call each office to determine the best attorney for your case. Use the free consultations to help you to decide the person best suited for your particular tax case. This can allow you to get a feel for the attorney and see if your personalities will work well together.

Persons that end up with tax problems often find that there are many hurdles that must be crossed. Some of these hurdles may turn into real headaches. When this happens you will be glad that you have the help of a tax lawyer on your side. The best tax lawyer cannot offer guarantees that all will be worked out, but he can certainly help you to know that you are taking steps in the right direction as you work your way through this new challenge.…

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Finding a Good Lawyer to Handle Your Case

Finding a Good Lawyer to Handle Your Case

A lawyer knows the importance of law and justice. This practice effects many people’s lives so it requires a lot of experience.

There are some lawyers which specialize in certain areas while others can handle multiple cases like business and corporate law, personal injury, criminal cases, employment, property and family law.

A person may seek monetary compensation for certain reasons. A lawyer can deal with such problems. There are lawyers which are self employed. They usually start their career in law firms and then establish their own firm after getting enough experience. Los Angeles lawyers can help solve the client’s problems. They have the required analytical ability and the knowledge to address the legal issues and then make a suitable plan.

If you have had injuries, property or financial damage in business, you can contact a Los Angeles lawyer to study the legal options available to you. There are various things you need to know before you decide on the lawyer:

1. You should hire a lawyer as soon as possible. It is recommended that you should hire a lawyer within 2 weeks of the actual incident. If you can’t find the lawyer yourself, you can entrust a family member or a friend to search for you. The attorney can then handle the case and formulate a plan for you.

2. You should check the profiles of the lawyers before you sign an agreement with them. You can ask them about their experience in handling similar cases.

3. You can also conduct a meeting with your attorney and convey all your feelings to him / her. You should be able to trust him / her.…